(a) Yes (b) No?
This question could have been asked in many different ways. “How long can I be out of Canada and not give up my Canadian tax status?” Or the opposite question, “How long can I be out of Canada before I have to worry about my tax responsibilities switching to another country?” Or the classic question, “Can I take my money and run? And not worry about the long arm of Canadian tax?”
Work is changing and people can work more places in the world and they can take their work with them in a way that was completely unthought of even a year ago or ten years ago. I can think of several multinational workers I have worked with this week alone. One is in Miami but doing remote work for Brazil. One is German and working remotely from Columbia. A very frequent one in Canada is a worker that leaves Canada for the winter and continues to work remotely from the Caribbean or Mexico or the USA.
The answer to the question “If I leave Canada for six months (183 days) can I stop paying Canadian income taxes?” is normally no. But a longer explanation is needed. Each country and in particular tax treaties between countries need to be consulted to determine if a person has responsibilities as a taxpaying resident of a country. Generally, when a person exits one country, they enter another country for tax. It is hard to be “stateless” for tax and not owe tax to at least one country. Also, the action of leaving and entering can have exit tax and in some cases arrival tax.
Tax advisors like Gilmour Group consult tax treaties and national tax acts to help people determine which country they are a resident of and thus what country that they pay taxes. Tax treaties have a checklist that we use to guide the decision.